Witness puts Zimmerman on bottom of fight

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  • HLN is covering the George Zimmerman trial live, gavel to gavel
  • Zimmerman is charged with second-degree murder for killing 17-year-old Trayvon Martin on February 26, 2012
Witness puts Zimmerman on bottom of fight

A prosecution witness testified in the George Zimmerman trial Friday that he saw the former neighborhood watch captain on the bottom of a mixed martial arts-style fight with 17-year-old Trayvon Martin the night Martin was fatally shot.

Jonathan Good said he heard a faint noise coming from the back of his home in the Retreat at Twin Lakes on Feb. 26, 2012. When he heard a louder noise, he went outside to investigate. He said he saw two men engaged in a "tussle" on the ground.

Good was the 17th witness to take the stand in the trial of Zimmerman, who is charged with second-degree murder in the shooting of Martin in Sanford, Florida. Zimmerman told police he followed the teenager because there had been some recent break-ins in the area. He says he was forced to kill Martin during their confrontation in self-defense.

On the trial’s fifth day, Good recounted being 15 to 20 feet away from the fight between Zimmerman and Martin. Although he couldn’t make out the faces of the people on the ground, Good said he could make out the color of their clothes.

In crucial testimony that appears to buttress the defense’s argument, Good said the person on top during the fight was wearing a black top like the black hoodie sweatshirt Martin had on that night, and the person on the bottom was wearing red. Zimmerman was wearing a similar color that night.

Good said it seemed like the person on the bottom was yelling for help. Good said he saw the person on top “straddling” the person on the bottom and the person on top was moving their hands in a downward striking motion that looked like what he called a "ground and pound," a term associated with MMA or mixed martial arts fighting.

"It looked like that position was a ground-and-pound type position, but I couldn't tell 100% that there were actually fists hitting faces," Good said.

Defense attorney Mark O'Mara asked Good to define the term "ground and pound."

"It's usually when someone is on top in a mounted position, I believe, in the dominant position, but like I said the person on the bottom is able to throw punches back, but I did not see any of that," said Good.

Good said he went outside and called out to Zimmerman and Martin to "cut it out," but after getting no response he went back inside and called 911 -- that’s when he heard a gunshot.

"I just heard a shot right behind my house," Good said on the 911 call, which was played in the courtroom. "They are wrestling right in the back of my porch."

Timothy Smith, the first police officer to arrive at the scene, also testified on Friday, making some observations about Zimmerman’s clothing that seemed to support Good’s version of events.

In regard to Zimmerman’s jacket, Smith said, "The back of it was wetter than the front of it. It was also covered in grass.” He also described the back of Zimmerman’s jeans as “wetter than the front” and agreed that this was consistent with someone lying on his back in the wet grass.

Smith said that when he asked Zimmerman if he saw who shot the person on the ground, Zimmerman told him he was responsible and that he was still armed. Smith said he proceeded to remove his own weapon and point it at Zimmerman. He then handcuffed Zimmerman and eventually took his weapon away.

On their way to the patrol car, Smith said Zimmerman volunteered some information about the scuffle.

"He stated to me that he was yelling for 'help' and that nobody would come help him," said Smith.

Zimmerman repeated the statement once they got to the car, according to Smith.

"It was almost confusion. Sort of a confused look on his face," Smith said.

Defense attorney O’Mara asked Smith if Zimmerman seemed angry, frustrated, spiteful, cavalier or if he had any ill will or hatred that night. Smith said no to each individual description and called Zimmerman compliant throughout the entire ordeal.

Another neighbor named Jonathan Manalo, who was the first to approach Zimmerman after the shooting, was also asked to describe Zimmerman’s behavior that night.

"He wasn’t acting like anything different. He was coherent, he was responding to my questions just like any other person," Manalo said.

Defense attorney Don West asked Manalo if Zimmerman told him, “This guy was beating me up and I shot him.”

“I was defending myself and I shot him,” said Manalo in response.

An EMT who treated Zimmerman at the scene described his injuries to jurors.

"He had a very swollen, bleeding nose. He had lacerations to the back of his head," said Stacey Livingston. "We just tried to clean up his injuries so we could see them better."

The physician assistant who treated Zimmerman the day after the shooting, Lindzee Folgate, said he came in wanting a note to go back to work. He was also complaining of nose pain and told her he was involved in an altercation and was pushed to the ground.

“His head was hit into the pavement multiple times," Folgate said.

She measured two lacerations that she observed on the back of Zimmerman’s head, which were 2 cm and 0.5 cm in length. She said she didn’t feel sutures were necessary.

She also examined Zimmerman’s nose, finding swelling and bruising. Based on her observations, she believed it was broken but couldn’t say for sure without an x-ray. She said she encouraged Zimmerman to see a specialist.

Prosecutor Bernie de la Rionda had Folgate review medical records from her past visits with Zimmerman, the first of which was dated Aug. 19, 2011. Zimmerman told her he was having trouble sleeping and had “started to exercise intensely with MMA but this has not helped.”

In another visit dated Sept. 23, 2011, Zimmermann told Folgate he was “involved in mixed martial arts three days per week.”

Folgate didn’t note any swelling on Zimmerman’s head the day after he shot Martin, but she did review police photos from that night with defense attorney O’Mara.

She agreed that what appears to be bumps, swelling and abrasions could be consistent with a head being hit against concrete. But she also said some bumps just occur naturally on the head, depending on the shape.

In his final questions for Folgate, O’Mara asked her whether Zimmerman’s life may have been in danger.

“Medically speaking, would you agree that whatever he did to stop the attack allowed him to survive it?” asked O’Mara.

“It could have, potentially, yeah. It depends on the amount of trauma he was sustaining at the time,” said Folgate.

“So, stopping the attack is what allowed him to survive it, would you agree?” asked O’Mara.

“It could have, yes,” said Folgate.

Prosecutor de la Rionda followed up by asking Folgate if she was speculating. She admitted that she wasn’t there that night.

Testimony in the trial is set to pick back up on Monday at 9 a.m. ET.

 

HLN is live-blogging Zimmerman's trial. Click here for HLN's live blog of Thursday's testimony. Read below for minute-by-minute updates:

5:45 p.m. ET: The judge has dismissed jurors for the weekend. Testimony will pick back up on Monday at 9 a.m. ET.

5:42 p.m. ET: Prosecutor de la Rionda has finished his questions and now O'Mara is asking Folgate about Zimmerman's MMA training. She says Zimmerman told her he did aerobics and she asked him for more details and determined it was MMA.

O'Mara asks her if whatever he did to stop the attack allowed him to survive it. She says it's possible. Prosecutor de la Rionda asks her if that's speculation. She says she wasn't there.

The witness has been excused.

5:40 p.m. ET: The attorneys are at a sidebar.

5:39 p.m. ET: "He was already established with a psychologist, yes," said Folgate.

5:38 p.m. ET: Zimmerman did complain of head trauma, but Folgate says everything appeared to be intact during her examination so she didn't order additional testing.

5:35 p.m. ET: Folgate says some bumps can naturally occur on the head, depending on the shape of the head.

"All you saw in your examination was two lacerations, correct?" asked de la Rionda.

"That's all I noted," said Folgate. She says she can't remember if she saw swelling but didn't note it.

5:33 p.m. ET: Defense attorney O'Mara has finished his questions. Prosecutor de la Rionda has started his re-direct examination.

5:31 p.m. ET: "Was he trying to even minimize his injuries and get it behind him?" asked O'Mara.

"I don't recall that per se, him having that certain effect," said Folgate.

5:28 p.m. ET: Folgate says she didn't feel like Zimmerman was using her and that his injuries were consistent with his complaints.

5:27 p.m. ET: Folgate says she wanted Zimmerman to get a consult with an ENT -- Ear, Nose, Throat Specialist. She also told him he should see a psychologist.

5:24 p.m. ET: Zimmerman's blood pressure was slightly high and his pulse was high.

"An increased pulse rate can be related to stress or trauma," said Folgate. She also says it could be related to a heart condition.

Folgate says the injury in Zimmerman's buttocks could be related to a fall or being thrown on the ground on your back.

5:22 p.m. ET: "If the complaint was that the head was hit on concrete, would you find that consistent with the injuries you see?" asked O'Mara.

"I would," said Folgate.

5:19 p.m. ET: O'Mara points out more bumps and abrasions on Zimmerman's head and Folgate says they could be consistent with a head hitting concrete.

5:15 p.m. ET: Injuries seen on Zimmerman's temple could be consistence with his head being hit against concrete, according to Folgate.

5:14 p.m. ET: Folgate agrees that a head hitting concrete could cause the swelling.

5:11 p.m. ET: Folgate looks at another photo of the back of Zimmerman's head taken the night of the incident. She says she sees swelling that could have resolved itself before she examined him. She explains that trauma can cause swelling and blood to pool beneath the skin.

5:08 p.m. ET: O'Mara asks Folgate what happens if you're on your back with a bleeding nose.

"What will happen is you can swallow some of that back down your throat," said Folgate. She also says it can go into your sinuses.

5:05 p.m. ET: Defense attorney O'Mara shows a photo of Zimmerman with a bloody nose to Folgate, taken the night of the shooting. She says the swelling seems to be greater in the photo than when she saw him. She explains how the body deals with injury and swelling.

5:02 p.m. ET: The visit on February 27, 2012 was the first time he had complained of back pain related to an injury, according to Folgate.

5:00 p.m. ET: A scalp laceration can bleed more because the scalp has more blood vessels, according to Folgate. She also says that a bald head may have more blood because there's no hair to cushion the injury. Prosecutor de la Rionda has finished his direct examination.

4:58 p.m. ET: Folgate recommended that Zimmerman see and Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist to treat his nose. She says he told her he wasn't going to go. Folgate had treated Zimmerman for back pain in the past, related to constipation.

4:56 p.m. ET: Folgate gave Zimmerman an anti-inflammatory medication for pain he was having in a joint that she says is in the center of the buttocks. She couldn't say definitively one way or another whether his nose was broken because she didn't have x-rays. But clinically speaking, she says it appeared broken.

4:54 p.m. ET: When examining his nose, Folgate made these observations: The folds between nose and mouth had swelling and bruising. The septum of the nose appeared to be straight. No blood in the nose or behind the ear drums.

4:53 p.m. ET: Folgate says the white parts of Zimmerman's eyes looked fine but she noted that he had "bilateral black eyes."

4:52 p.m. ET: The lacerations on the back of Zimmerman's head were determined to be 2 cm and 0.5 cm in length, according to Folgate.

"I did not feel that sutures were necessary," said Folgate. "A laceration is basically a more proper term for a cut."

4:49 p.m. ET: "Admits to stress surrounding the event" but doesn't say he had suicidal thoughts or attempted suicide. Folgate says he wasn't in "acute distress" and described him as "obese" because of his body mass index. According to the records he was 5'7" and weighted 204 pounds.

4:47 p.m. ET: Folgate reviewed Zimmerman's systems: No headache, change in visual acuity, slurred speech, dizziness or problems walking. “Admits to occasional nausea when thinking of the violence last night,” according to the records. Denies numbness, tingling or incontinence. Zimmerman says he has nose pain but not hearing loss or ringing in the hears. Admitted having scalp lacerations and head trauma.

4:43 p.m. ET: Folgate says Zimmerman told her he was involved in an altercation and was pushed to the ground. “His head was hit into the pavement multiple times," said Folgate. He was complaining of nose pain.

4:41 p.m. ET: According to the form Folgate is reading, "Patient is here for a return note for work. Patient was in fight on February 26, 2012. Patient was punched in nose and has two lacerations on the back of head. 911 was called and EMT said patient’s nose is broken."

4:39 p.m. ET: Zimmerman also met with Folgate at 11:02 a.m. on February 27, 2012, the day after Martin was shot. She says she took his history and treated him.

4:37 p.m. ET: Folgate reads part of a medical form from a visit on September 23, 2011: "He was involved in mixed martial arts, three days per week."

4:35 p.m. ET: Folgate obtained a history from Zimmerman in 2011. Folgate reads part of the form: "Difficulty with falling and maintaining sleep. Started to exercise intensely with MMA but this has not helped."

4:31 p.m. ET: The jury is being seated.

4:27 p.m. ET: The witness is now being brought back to the stand.

4:14 p.m. ET: The attorneys are still at a sidebar with the judge.

4:03 p.m. ET: The lawyers are discussing Zimmerman's medical records from his August 19, 2011 visit with Folgate. Defense attorney O'Mara says there's only a sentence or two that is relevant. The judge has asked the attorneys to come up to the bench so they can go over the records, page by page.

3:59 p.m. ET: The judge has dismissed jurors to take up a matter outside their presence.

3:56 p.m. ET: Zimmerman was a patient of Folgate's. She first saw him on August 19, 2011. The attorneys are at a sidebar.

3:54 p.m. ET: The prosecution calls Lindzee Folgate to the witness stand. She's a Physician Assistant. She explains to the jury how she's different from a nurse or a doctor. She says she can do mostly what a doctor can do except sign off by herself on controlled substances.

3:49 p.m. ET: Prosecutor Guy shows Smith a photo of Zimmerman with no blood on his nose taken at the police station. He agrees that this is an accurate representation of what Zimmerman looked like later that night. This witness has been excused.

3:47 p.m. ET: Smith says he's not sure if Zimmerman's firearm would have been visible to Martin in its holster.

3:46 p.m. ET: Defense attorney O'Mara has finished his cross-examination. Now prosecutor Guy is asking Smith more questions.

3:45 p.m. ET: At the station, Zimmerman was given a bottle of water and some tissues to clean up, according to Smith.

3:43 p.m. ET: Zimmerman said he felt light-headed in the back of the patrol car, according to Smith.

3:38 p.m. ET: On the way to the patrol car, Smith says Zimmerman told him something voluntarily:

"He stated to me that he was yelling for 'help' and that nobody would come help him," said Smith.

Zimmerman said it again once they got to the car.

"It was almost confusion. Sort of a confused look on his face," said Smith.

3:36 p.m. ET: Once Zimmerman was handcuffed, Smith says he secured Zimmerman's gun.

"Did he seem angry?" asked O'Mara.

"No, sir," said Smith.

"Did he seem frustrated?" asked O'Mara.

"No, sir," said Smith.

"Did he seem spiteful of anything that was going on?" asked O'Mara.

"No, sir," said Smith.

"Any ill will or hatred at all when you first saw him moments after the event?" asked O'Mara.

"No, sir," said Smith.

Smith also says Zimmerman's behavior didn't seem strange and he didn't seem cavalier.

3:32 p.m. ET: Smith says Zimmerman had his hands up and leaned to his left, showing him the weapon, which was at his right hip.

Smith told him to put his hands on his head and began to handcuff him.

"He didn't resist in any way, did he?" asked O'Mara.

"No, sir," said Smith.

3:30 p.m. ET: Zimmerman's nose was actively bleeding when Smith first saw it. His eyes were also watering.

Zimmerman told Smith he had shot the man on the ground and that he was still armed.

"At that point is when I upholstered my service weapon," said Smith, explaining that it's protocol. He pointed the gun at Zimmerman.

3:27 p.m. ET: O'Mara asks Smith about his educational background. Smith says he wanted to be a cop since he was little. He says his gun has a flashlight on it, but he was using his actual flashlight. When he first arrived on scene he saw Zimmerman on the sidewalk and Martin in the grass.

3:24 p.m. ET: Smith then led Zimmerman into an interview room and watched in through the one-way glass. He says Zimmerman didn't lose consciousness. Guy has finished his direct examination. Defense attorney O'Mara has started his cross-examination.

3:20 p.m. ET: Prosecutor Guy is playing surveillance video of a handcuffed Zimmerman being removed from a police car at the police station.

3:18 p.m. ET: The judge is back on the bench and the jury is being seated.

3:01 p.m. ET: The judge has recessed the court for 15 minutes.

2:59 p.m. ET: On the way to the police station, Zimmerman said he was dizzy. Smith offered to take him to the hospital. Zimmerman at first said he didn't know what to do and then eventually said he didn't want to go to the hospital.

2:57 p.m. ET: Prosecutor Guy is going over several images of the neighborhood and photos of Zimmerman's bloody face and head. Smith says Zimmerman was wearing a red and black jacket.

"The back of it was wetter than the front of it. It was also covered in grass," said Smith.

Zimmerman was also wearing blue jeans.

"The back was wetter than the front," said Smith.

2:54 p.m. ET: "The defendant had a bloody nose. He had some lacerations to his head. As well as some contusions," said Smith. He knew an officer snapped a picture but didn't know a bystander had snapped a picture as well.

2:53 p.m. ET: Smith holds up the gun, holster, magazine and rounds that he collected from Zimmerman. Everything was handed over to the crime scene technician, who happens to be his wife.

2:51 p.m. ET: Smith says he didn't handle Zimmerman's firearm in any special way because there wasn't enough time. He removed the magazine from the gun and locked the slide in the rear. Everything was ultimately submitted into evidence.

2:49 p.m. ET: After placing Zimmerman in handcuffs, Smith put him in the back of his patrol car. Zimmerman didn't seem to have issues walking.

2:48 p.m. ET: Smith asked Zimmerman if the subject on the ground had been shot and if he saw who did it.

"He said that he did and he was still armed," said Smith.

Zimmerman showed him where his gun was and Smith handcuffed him. He took Zimmerman's gun and holster.

2:46 p.m. ET: The person on the ground was face-down, according to Smith. He didn't approach him because he was dealing with the man on the sidewalk, Zimmerman. He didn't appear to have trouble standing or balancing.

2:45 p.m. ET: Smith says it was dark and raining so he was using a flashlight.

"I saw at least two people standing and one person on the ground," said Smith.

2:42 p.m. ET: Smith was entering the gates of the neighborhood when the suspicious person call was updated to shots fired. He shows on a map how he arrived to the neighborhood and where he went once he entered.

2:40 p.m. ET: The prosecution calls Timothy Smith to the witness stand. He's a patrol officer with the Sanford Police Department.

2:38 p.m. ET: Prosecutor Guy asks if Livingston was worried about a brain injury.

"I wouldn’t make that determination," she said.

Livingston's opinion that the lacerations were approximately an inch was a guess, she didn't measure them. Livingston has been excused.

2:36 p.m. ET: Zimmerman said he felt dizzy so they had him stand up to see if he was still dizzy. Livingston says he was able to stand but she can't remember if he had help from officers. O'Mara has finished his cross-examination.

2:35 p.m. ET: Livingston says if the person is fully awake and aware then it becomes their decision to go to the hospital for further treatment. She says they offered to transport Zimmerman.

2:33 p.m. ET: "Do you think a person who sustained those types of injuries in the back of their head should be concerned about their medical safety?" asked O'Mara.

"Possibly," said Livingston.

2:32 p.m. ET: Livingston agrees with O'Mara that if you were on your back, you would be swallowing blood from the nose injury. She also agrees that you'd be concerned about concussive or brain injuries.

2:30 p.m. ET: Livingston describes Zimmerman's nose again as "very swollen." O'Mara is showing her a photo of Zimmerman's bloody nose and asking if a hit from a fist could cause the injury. She says she doesn't know, it's possible. The abrasions on his head are a separate injury from his nose, according to Livingston.

2:25 p.m. ET: Prosecutor Guy has wrapped his direct examination. Now defense attorney O'Mara is starting his cross-examination.

2:24 p.m. ET: Zimmerman was also treated by Livingston.

"He had a very swollen, bleeding nose. He had lacerations to the back of his head," said Livingston. "We just tried to clean up his injuries so we could see them better."

She also saw two cuts on the back of his head, each approximately an inch long. They also cleaned up the cuts.

2:20 p.m. ET: Livingston removed a can from Martin's sweatshirt. She also heard a small bag that made a "crinkling noise" but didn't move it. She saw a gunshot wound in his chest.

"We put on a cardiac monitor to access the heart rhythm. It was determined by the lead paramedic on the scene that the rhythm was incompatible with life," said Livingston.

Martin was pronounced dead at 7:30 p.m. Her unit didn't transport his body.

2:16 p.m. ET: Livingston's unit was dispatched at 7:21 p.m. ET. She arrived about six minutes later and checked Martin for a pulse on his neck.

2:14 p.m. ET: The prosecution has called Stacey Livingston to the witness stand. She's an EMT and firefighter for the Sanford Fire Department.

2:11 p.m. ET: Zimmerman was compliant, according to Ayala, and he didn't disobey in any form. O'Mara has finished his direct-examination. The witness has been excused.

2:08 p.m. ET: Ayala says he arrived so quickly on scene that the other officer still had Zimmerman at gunpoint. He says this is protocol if shots have been fired.

2:06 p.m. ET: Prosecutor Guy has concluded his direct examination. Now defense attorney O'Mara has started his direct-examination.

2:05 p.m. ET: "At any time, did you see any signs of life from Trayvon Martin’s body?" asked prosecutor John Guy.

"No, sir," said Ayala.

He was performing chest compressions. Eventually he says emergency personal arrived and pronounced Martin dead on the scene.

2:04 p.m. ET: Ayala worked with another officer to roll Martin's body over.

"Underneath -- he had a pin or button -- it was underneath the button," said Ayala in regards to the gunshot wound.

Ayala and another officer started CPR on Martin.

2:02 p.m. ET: Ayala says he was the first officer to approach Martin, who was face-down with his hand beneath him.

"I asked to see his hands," said Ayala. Martin didn't respond physically or verbally to his commands. He didn't see any movement or hear any sounds from the body.

1:59 p.m. ET: The prosecution has called Ricardo Ayala, a police officer with the Sanford Police Department, to the witness stand. He responded to the shooting that night. He demonstrates on a map where he entered the neighborhood and where he parked.

1:55 p.m. ET: The defense has no more questions and Manalo is being excused.

1:54 p.m. ET: Manalo says he didn't see the actual shooting take place and can't say if it's self-defense. The prosecutor has finished his re-direct examination.

1:53 p.m. ET: The prosecutor again asks about Zimmerman's demeanor.

"Coherent, compliant – he wasn’t… he was calm. He was staggering a little bit," said Manalo.

1:52 p.m. ET: Defense attorney West has wrapped his cross-examination. Prosecutor de la Rionda is now asking more questions.

1:49 p.m. ET: A flashlight next to Martin's body caught Manalo's eye so he took a photo of that as well, which is being displayed again in court. Manalo describes where he was standing when he took the photos.

1:46 p.m. ET: Defense attorney West pulls up the photo Manalo took of Martin's body. Manalo says the body position is how he saw it when he arrived -- Martin face-down on the ground. He says he used a flashlight to illuminate the scene.

1:43 p.m. ET: Manalo says the neighborhood watch signs were a reminder for neighbors to work together and call 911 if they saw anything. He didn't view them as a warning to outsiders coming in to the neighborhood.

1:40 p.m. ET: Manalo says Zimmerman wasn't hyperactive or subdued, extremes he would associate with someone being in shock. He agrees that Zimmerman was flat, direct.

1:39 p.m. ET: West is asking if Zimmerman seemed to be abrupt, telling him to tell his wife that he wasn't shot but he had shot someone else. Manalo agrees.

1:37 p.m. ET: Manalo says Zimmerman told police he was the shooter and he also immediately complied with the officer who wanted to take his gun.

1:35 p.m. ET: West asks Manalo if Zimmerman told him, “This guy was beating me up and I shot him.”

“I was defending myself and I shot him,” added Manalo.

Zimmerman never asked him to take a photo of his head. Manalo says he decided to do it himself.

1:34 p.m. ET: Manalo says Zimmerman asked if he was bleeding. He saw Zimmerman squat down.

"He was breathing hard, he looked like he had just gotten his butt beat," said West.

"Yes," said Manalo.

1:30 p.m. ET: Defense attorney West has started his cross-examination. Manalo says he didn't see what happened before the shot. He describes how he left his house -- walking carefully, not running.

1:27 p.m. ET: "He wasn’t acting like anything different. He was coherent, he was responding to my questions just like any other person," said Manalo. He also says Zimmerman never looked back at Martin’s body and he appeared calm.

Prosecutor de la Rionda has finished his direct examination.

1:26 p.m. ET: When Manalo connected with Zimmerman's wife and started telling her what happened, he says Zimmerman cut him off, saying, "Just tell her I shot someone."

Theproseuctor asks Manalo about Zimmerman's demenanor. He describes it, "Like I was taking too long to say what I had to say."

1:23 pm.. ET: An officer on scene told Martin he was going to put Zimmerman in handcuffs, according to Manalo. THe officer also asked Zimmerman if he had a gun and he said yes and lifted his arm, showing him the gun, which was in his waistband holster.

Zimmerman asked Manalo to call his wife, which he did on his own phone. He says he put Zimmerman's phone back in his pocket.

1:20 p.m. ET: The flashlight wasn't turned on, according to Manalo and Martin wasn't moving. The prosecutor asks him what he said to Zimmerman.

"I asked him, 'Do I need to call 911?' He says, 'No, I just got off the phone with them,'" said Manalo.

1:17 p.m. ET: Zimmerman was squatting when Manalo took the picture of the back of his head. This happened before police arrived. Manalo says Martin's hands were beneath his body when he snapped the picture and he didn't tamper with the body. Manalo also took a photo of a flashlight on the scene.

1:15 p.m. ET: Manalo says he was the first one to come into contact with Zimmerman after the shooting -- police arrived later.

1:13 p.m. ET: Prosecutor de la Rionda points out on a map and in photos where Manalo met up with Zimmerman that night.

1:11 p.m. ET: Manalo says he used a flashlight to illuminate the scene. He took a photo of Zimmerman and Martin's body on the ground.

1:10 p.m. ET: Manalo says he left through his garage with a flashlight. He saw a man, which he can now identify as Zimmerman. Zimmerman had a cell phone up to his ear and he could see blood on Zimmerman's nose and the back of his head.

1:07 p.m. ET: The prosecution has called Jonathan Manalo to the witness stand. His wife, Jeannee, testified earlier in the trial. The couple lived in Zimmerman's neighborhood the night Martin was shot. He heard a noise that night while building a coffee table with his daughter.

"It sounded like grunts. We thought at first it was a couple of dogs barking," said Manalo. "They were loud enough that I could hear it through the window."

1:02 p.m. ET: The jury is being seated.

12:59 p.m. ET: The judge is back on the bench. The attorneys are at a sidebar.

11:29 a.m. ET: Judge Debra Nelson has recessed court for lunch. The live blog will pick back up when testimony resumes at 1:00 p.m. ET.

11:28 a.m. ET: O'Mara asked, "Do you stand by that today and what you saw was a ground and pound event?"

"It looked like that position was a ground and pound type position, but I couldn't tell 100% that there was actually fists hitting faces," said Good.

11:23 a.m. ET: Good said no matter what statement he gave police he has always said the person wearing red (Zimmerman was wearing a similar color) was on the bottom.

11:22 a.m. ET: O'Mara asked Good if his story has changed slightly does it mean he lied. Good said no it doesn't mean he lied.

11:20 a.m. ET: Good gave four to five statements to police about what happened the night of the shooting.

11:15 a.m. ET: The attorneys are at a sidebar with the judge.

11:14 a.m. ET: O'Mara is now asking Good questions.

11:12 a.m. ET: De La Rionda showed Good a picture of Martin's body lieing face down. Good confirmed that the picture represents how saw the body that night.

11:09 a.m. ET: Good said based on common sense it seems that the person on the bottom was trying to get up.

11:06 a.m. ET: De La Rionda got Good to admit that the officer on the scene may have used the term "ground and pound" the night of the shooting.

11:03 a.m. ET: Good said he used the term "ground and pound" in his first statement to police, and in later statements and depositions "clarified" the term to give a better visual.

11:00 a.m. ET: De La Rionda is making the point that Good did not hear any smacking noises that may have sounded like punches. He made several smacking noises with his hands to demonstrate his argument.

10:58 a.m. ET: O'Mara has finished his questioning of Good, and now prosecutor De La Rionda is asking him questions.

10:55  a.m. ET: O'Mara is reviewing his materials.

10:53 a.m. ET: Good said when he was on the phone with 911 he went upstairs and looked out a window and saw the body.

10:51 a.m. ET: O'Mara is having Good explain a picture he drew of what he saw the night of the shooting. It is possible to make out on the drawing where he saw Martin, the black shirt, on top.

10:47 a.m. ET: O'Mara is showing Good pictures of the clothing both individuals were wearing that night. Based on the colors Good saw that night Martin may have been on top of Zimmerman at some point during the altercation.

10:43 a.m. ET: O'Mara is reviewing his materials.

10:40 a.m. ET: Good gave his first statement to police the night of the shooting, and he mentioned to the police that he thought he saw a MMA "ground and pound." Good said yes he did say those words that night.

10:37 a.m. ET: "I couldn't see anyone when I first went out there," said Good.

10:35 a.m. ET: Good said he did not see a gun during the altercation.

10:32 a.m. ET: O'Mara asked Good again who he thought was screaming, and he reiterated that he thought it was the person on the bottom.

10:31 a.m. ET: Good said he was inside his townhome dialing 911 when he heard the gunshot.

10:28 a.m. ET: O'Mara is playing the 911 call where screams can be heard on it for Good.

10:25 a.m. ET: O'Mara asked Good if he saw Martin slamming Zimmerman's head on the ground. Good said he did not see Zimmerman's head hitting the concrete.

10:22 a.m. ET: Good said he thought the person on the bottom was yelling for help.

10:20 a.m. ET: O'Mara asked Good to define "ground and pound."

"It's usually when someone is on top in a mounted position I believe. In the dominant position, but like I said the person on the bottum is able to throw punches, back, but I did not see any of that," said Good.

10:17 a.m. ET: O'Mara asked Good if the person on top in Mixed Martial Arts stance. Good said at first he thought it was what he calls a "ground and pound."

10:14 a.m. ET: O'Mara got down on the ground and demonstrated how the person on top looked to Good.

10:11 a.m. ET: Good is explaining to O'Mara how the two individuals were on the ground wrestling on the ground about 15 to 20 feet away from his townhome.

10:08 a.m. ET: O'Mara is starting over the beginning asking Good about the first noise her heard that night.

10:06 a.m. ET: Good said he heard someone yell "help, help." De La Rionda has finished his questions for Good. O'Mara has asked for a couple minutes to review his exhibits.

10:04 a.m. ET: De La Rionda showed Good a map of the neighborhood to show the jurors where Good saw the two individuals wrestling on the ground.

10:01 a.m. ET: Good said he heard the gunshot after he went back inside. He heard the gunshot as he was dialing 911.

9:59 a.m. ET: De La Rionda is showing Good pictures of his neighoborhood to help orient the jurors to his point of view the night of the shooting.

9:54 a.m. ET: Good said when he walked out of his townhome he could not see the hands of the person on the bottom. Prosecutor Bernie De La Rionda is about to play Good's 911 call from that night.

"I just heard a shot right behind my house." said Good on the 911 call. "They are wrestling right in the back of my porch."

The operator asked, "You just heard one shot go off?"

"It was either that or a rock that hit the window," said Good.

9:50 a.m. ET: At some point, Good told the individuals struggling on the ground to "cut it out."

9:49 a.m. ET: Good said it was possible the person on top may have trying to hold the person on the bottom down.

9:47 a.m. ET: "I think at that time is when I thought it was serious." said Good. "Because it looked like strikes were being thrown or punches being thrown. But as I clarified due to the lighting it could of also been holding down. But there were arm movement going downward," said Good.

9:44 a.m. ET: Good said he only saw a "few" seconds of the altercation.

9:42 a.m. ET: At some point, he could tell there were two people on the ground. He could only see the color of the clothing the men were wearing. Good said he saw the person wearing dark clothes on top, and the person on the bottom was wearing red and white. He also saw the men's positions change.

9:39 a.m. ET: "It looked like a tussle. I could really only see one person, and I think I described as possibly being some kind of dog attack, because there are a lot dogs that walk in that back area. I could only see an object," said Good.

9:37 a.m. ET: Good's wife told him to not go outside, but he decided to outside anyway.

9:35 a.m. ET: A few moments later Good heard the same noise, but it was louder. So he decided to go to the sliding glass door to look outside

9:33 a.m. ET: Good was watching TV with his wife when he heard a "faint" noise outside.

"I didn't think anything of it," said Good.

9:31 a.m. ET: The back of Good's townhome faces the courtyard where the shooting took place.

9:29 a.m. ET: Jonathan Good was a resident of the Retreat at Twin Lakes the night of the shooting.

9:28 a.m. ET: McKinney has been excused, and prosecutors have now called John Good to the stand.

9:27 a.m. ET: Prosecutor Mantei has finished his direct examination of McKinney. O'Mara is now cross-examining him about the video that was shot on the CCTV system. O'Mara wants to know why the timing mechanism malfunctioned on the CCTV system. McKinney said it happens, because the clocks "drift." The video time stamps off by about 18 minutes according to McKinney.

9:24 a.m. ET: The next video Mantei played taken from interior of the east pool hall. A light briefly appears in the area where the mailboxes are located.

9:20 a.m. ET: McKinney is explaining where all the CCTV's cameras are installed in Zimmerman's neighborhood. The video about to be played is from the interior of the clubhouse the night of the shooting. The video showed something passing by the window.

 

9:18 a.m. ET: Prosecutor Rich Mantei is about to play a video taken from the CCTV system at Zimmerman's neighborhood.

9:15 a.m. ET: The attorneys are discussing something at the podium.

9:10 a.m. ET: Prosecutors have called Greg McKinney as their next witness. McKinney works in the IT department for U.S. Security Alliance a company that works with closed-circuit camera systems. McKinney's company installed the CCTV system in Zimmerman's neighborhood, and he monitors video surveillance cameras remotely. He said the cameras on the front gate of the Retreat at Twin Lakes were not working the night Martin was shot. The attorneys are now at a sidebar with the judge.

9:06 a.m ET: The jury is being seated.

9:01 a.m. ET: The judge is on the bench, and the attorneys have joined her for a sidebar.

8:59 a.m. ET: Zimmerman is in the courtroom waiting for testimony to begin.

8:35 a.m. ET: Court is scheduled to begin at 9:00 a.m. ET.

8:30 a.m. ET: Some questions with answers that could determine George Zimmerman's guilt or innocence remain unanswered after four days of testimony from prosecution witnesses.

Zimmerman, a former neighborhood watch captain, is charged with second-degree murder for killing 17-year-old Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida, on February 26, 2012. Zimmerman told police he was pursuing the teenager because there had been a rash of crime in the area. A confrontation ensued, and Zimmerman said he was forced to kill Martin in self-defense.  

Despite telling different people inconsistent stories of what she heard while on the phone with Martin the night he was killed, the prosecution's star witness Rachel Jeantel stuck to her guns on two issues in her testimony Thursday: that Zimmerman followed Martin that night, and that Martin tried to run away from him.

Jeantel's testimony, however, fell short of providing a complete picture of that fateful night. She could not explain who started the altercation, what happened during the fight, or who was on top as the men struggled on the ground.

Neighbors who witnessed moments of what happened that night have also been unable to answer those questions definitively.

Selma Mora testified Thursday that she walked out her back door after hearing a gunshot, which she first thought was a skateboard smacking the pavement.

Mora had similar difficulty seeing what was happening in the courtyard behind her house as other neighbors who have testified.

The rain and darkness made it difficult for eyewitnesses to see exactly what was happening between Martin and Zimmerman.

"One of them was on the ground and the other one was on top in a position like a rider," said Mora, who testified with the help of a court translator.

"Like riding a horse?" asked prosecutor John Guy.

"Yes," said Mora.

"With one leg on either side?" asked Guy.

"Yes," said Mora.

Mora said she asked the pair, "What's going on?" three times before the one on top told her to call police. She said he then got up and paced back and forth between the body and some trash cans, with one hand on his waist and the other on his head.

Mora was never able to identify the man on top or the man on bottom.

"Like I said from the beginning," she said, "it was so dark that what little light there was would not allow you to determine the details."

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